Problems within the knee of runners is the most common overuse injury which athletes have. Knee injuries make up to approximately a quarter of the overuse injuries. It is more prevalent in females when compared with men. The term that is traditionally given to this problem is patellofemoral pain syndrome or runners knee. The patella is the knee cap and the femoral refers to the thigh bone that the patella moves against in the course of motion with the knee joint while running. The disorder ought to be considered seriously and dealt with appropriately as there is an increased correlation between this problem and osteoarthritis of the patellofemoral joint in as people get older.
The usual symptoms tend to be a very slow onset of a dull discomfort that gradually gets worse. The agony is generally at the back of the kneecap that is worse if walking up stairs or running up hills. Other than that, there isn't any specified diagnostic criteria for patellofemoral pain syndrome and the identification will likely be only given following other probable causes have been ruled out. Frequently, the pain take place following a period of an increase in working out or running amount that was too fast for your knee to adjust to those volumes. It also can follow a difference in the running or exercising routine, like the transition from street running to high intensity workouts to get ready for a race. A foot which overpronates or rolls in an excessive amount with the ankle may also be thought to be a factor which raises the risk for the problem. Any weakness of the muscles across the hip are additionally an issue in patellofemoral pain syndrome.
The real key strategy to the management of this in athletes is education. The athlete would need to understand exactly what the character of the disorder is, what they need to do with regards to modifying their exercise or workout volumes so that there aren't any spikes in there workout amounts, as well as what the results of the problem long-term as well as the significance to get on top of it as soon as possible.
To take care of the problem with the foot overpronation, foot orthotics to aid that and advice concerning the proper running footwear are usually necesary. They may have to be adapted to over time and will help reduce a lot of the stress on the knee that could be allowing the problem. A podiatrist can deal with this.
The muscle power and motor control regarding the hip joint is equally crucial and must be addressed. The physical therapist can help with this. The muscle groups that should be strengthened include the ones that abduct the hip as well as the quads in the front of the upper leg. Both of these groups of muscles are certainly crucial in controlling the knee joint and then any weak point with them is not only going to predispose to the condition, it is going to lengthen the recuperation. The capability of the athletes to control the knee joint is also usually examined and addressed by the physical therapist using a selection of physical exercises and running drills.